If you are writing a term paper or researching a particular subject, it may be necessary to provide examples of annotated bibliography. This is a short piece that describes and evaluates the material. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.


  • A bibliographic citation formatted in the documentation style required for your course.
  • An abstract (brief summary) of the source.
  • A short reflection about the significance of the article and its relevance for your research project.


First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic.

Cite the book, article, or document using the appropriate style.

Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article.


When writing an abstract about the source, ask yourself these questions:

  • Purpose : Why was the book or article written?
  • Content: What is the resource about?

After the abstract, write a short evaluation of the work. Consider these questions:

  • Usefulness: Why is the work significant for the research project you are developing?
  • Reliability:  Is the information accurate? Do other sources support the conclusions?
  • Authority:  Is it written by someone who has the expertise to author the information?
  • Currency:   Is it new? Is it up-to-date for the topic?
  • Ease of use : Who is the intended audience? 


Template that  can  be followed. 




Research Topic:

  1. Write down the topic that you will be researching (this can be a question or phrase)



  1. Broad Subject Area (eg. Education, Psychology)



  1. Briefly state reasons for choice of this topic. Include definitions of any unfamiliar words.



  1. Keywords (Identify the key concepts which you will use to conduct your search) Place at least two alternative keywords/phrases that describe that concept. Eg. Topic: Obesity in Children


Concept 1

Concept 2

Concept 3













 Add more columns or rows if they are needed.

  1. Limits to the search (Do you want to limit your search, for eg. Dates, geographical location.


  1. Do you know of any organization that might have published information on your topic? List these.




Provide book details as follows:



Year of publication:

Place of publication:



Call number:


Please state whether it was card or online catalogue which led you to this book:


Include a photocopy of the title page of this book.


Write an annotated bibliography on the book using the format given above. 




                                            JOURNAL RECORD 


Name of the database from which this was retrieved:


Details of journal article

Author (s):

Year of Publication:

Article Title:

Journal Title:

Volume number:

Issue Number:

Page Number:


Include a photocopy of the first page of the journal article if this is available..


Write an annotated bibliography for the article.




Name of the print or online newspaper from which this was retrieved:


Details of newspaper article

Author (s):

Year of Publication:

Article Title:

Page Number:


Write an annotated bibliography for the article.


                                                           Website Record


Name of Website:

URL (Website Address):

Date Accessed:

Name of Search Engine:

What does the URL tell you about the site?




Who is the author of this site and does it tell you what their qualifications are for writing it?

Do they belong to, or are they writing on behalf of any organization?



Is there a Works Cited or Reference List?

Does the source provide links or references to other credible sources?



Is the language objective or emotional?

Does the author acknowledge differing viewpoints?

Are the various perspectives presented fairly?



Does the information on the site appear to be reliable?

Can you see any errors?

Are there any sections that gives you more details e.g. bibliographies?



Does the site have any indication of how recently it was written or updated?

Does this matter for your chosen research?

Who is the intended audience and does the site make this clear?

Does the site provide you with useful information for your subject?

  Reflective Summary

(This should include an evaluation of the whole search process and where applicable include recommendations for future development.)


One thought on “Creating an “ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY.”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s